Nanomanufacturing is the essential bridge between the discoveries of the nano sciences and real-world nanotechnology-enabled products.
- It is the utilization of value-added processes to control matter at the nanoscale in one, two, and three dimensions for reproducible, commercial-scale production;
- It encompasses bottom-up directed assembly, top-down high resolution processing, molecular systems engineering, and hierarchical integration with macro-scale systems.
Nanomanufacturing remains the essential bridge between the discoveries of the nanosciences and real-world nanotechnology products. Advancing nanotechnology from the laboratory into high-volume production ultimately requires careful study of manufacturing system issues including product design, reliability and quality, process design and control, shop floor operations and supply chain management.
Nanomanufacturing encompasses bottom-up directed assembly, top-down high resolution processing, molecular systems engineering, and hierarchical integration with larger scale systems. As dimensional scales of materials and molecular systems approach the nanoscale, the conventional rules governing the behavior and properties of these components, devices, and systems change significantly. As such, the behavior of the final product is enabled by the collective performance of the nanoscale building blocks.
Nanomanufacturing can be applied in all areas of contemporary manufacturing, including:
- Electronics and Semiconductor Industries
- IT and Telecommunications
- Aerospace and Automotive Industries
- Energy and power
- Materials and Chemical Industries
- Forest and Paper Products
- Pharma, Biomed and Biotechnology
- Environment, Infrastructure, and National Security
- Clothing. Textiles, and Personal Care
There are many consumer products currently on the market that incorporate nanotechnology in some way. The Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies maintains an online inventory of consumer items, including:
- batteries and appliances
- mobile devices, cameras, and electronic displays
- bikes, tennis racquets, and golf clubs
- antibacterial kitchenware and food storage bags
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