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The National Nanomanufacturing Network Volume 3 Issue 2 - February 2010
The NNN Newsletter

Commercialization of Emergent Nanomanufacturing Platforms: Establishing Synergies and Roadmaps

Road to SuccessA critical dimension of nanomanufacturing is how to address the numerous technological, economic, and regulatory challenges for scaling nanoscience developments in the research laboratory into commercializable, value-added market products. Various approaches have proven effective in fostering such transitions, including corporate and venture investments, industry consortia collaborations, private-public partnerships, and technology transfer collaborations wherein academic institutions or small businesses work with large companies to expedite the transition of technologies to mainstream applications. Although several successful prototype products and demonstrations of advanced processes exist, the outcomes for many have yet to be adopted by main stream markets and manufacturing infrastructure.

A significant barrier to wide-spread adoption is the cost and difficulty of supplanting existing manufacturing capabilities and platforms, thereby limiting investment in the manufacture of nanotechnology-enabled products to high value products having no alternative pathways. Consequently, many emerging nano-enabled products, tools, and materials are achieving pilot scale commercialization. A crucial next step for nanomanufacturing is to overcome the hurdles to mass production for sustainable markets.


Jeff Morse, Managing Director,
National Nanomanufacturing Network

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NNN Test Bed Reviews February 2010

NSF Center for Hierarchical Manufacturing (CHM),
University of Massachusetts Amherst

CarterHierarchical Metal Oxide Films

Patterned metal oxide films having well-defined order and morphology are essential device layers in microelectronics, photovoltaics, and microfluidics for separations and sensors. In a typical fabrication process sequence, a planar metal oxide film is deposited, coated with multi-layer resist structures, patterned by optical lithography, etched, stripped, ashed, and cleaned to generate a patterned oxide film. This cycle often consists of 10 or more process steps. Moreover, the resolution of current lithography and etch techniques limit the minimum feature size precluding the direct fabrication of complex geometric structures. More....

NNI 2011 Budget and Signature Initiatives

The National Nanotechnology Initiative has released its 2011 Supplement to the President's Budget. In his introductory letter, Presidential Science and Technology Advisor John Holdren notes that "Nanotechnology R&D constitutes a core building block of innovation that will ultimately accelerate job creation and transform many sectors of our economy through commercialization." The NNI budget continues to grow, with $1,701 M reported in 2009 and $1.781 M estimated for 2010. The 2011 request is slightly less - $1,762 M - but is likely to be exceeded when next year's estimates appear. In addition, the identification of three signature initiatives in areas that are "ripe for significant advances through close interagency collaboration" gives us a glimpse of future plans, although few program details are presently available. The topics are nanoelectronics, sustainable nanomanufacturing, and solar energy. More...

Two Approaches to Large-Area Graphene Synthesis For Device Quality Materials

Graphene has been attracting considerable interest in recent years as a result of its unique band structure and physical properties, including extremely high carrier mobility, that make it a promising material for the semiconductor industry, though not one without challenges. One issue to consider has been the methods used to produce graphene films, including exfoliated graphite which yields graphene sheets sufficient only for research studies. Recent approaches to large-area synthesis of high quality single layer and multilayer graphene films have been explored by thermal decomposition of single crystal silicon carbide and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on single crystal transition metals. While these approaches represent a significant step towards scaled production of quality graphene films, the requirements of high vacuum processing and expensive substrates with limited size still fall short of an integrated approach to incorporate this materials system.More....

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Affiliated Centers

NSF Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center for Hierarchical Manufacturing
NSF Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center for High-rate Nanomanufacturing
Center for Nanoscale Chemical-Electrical-Mechanical Manufacturing Systems
NSF Center for Scalable and Integrated Nanomanufacturing

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