Natcore Technology, a New Jersey-based company which is using Rice-born research to revolutionize the manufacture of solar panels, signed a deal with the university last week to provide $100,000 to help the lab of Rice professor Andrew Barron advance the technology.
The company is based on technology invented by Barron's lab and licensed from Rice called liquid phase deposition (LPD). The process deposits thin films of silicon dioxide and mixed silicon oxides onto solar panels and other products. Before LPD, putting critical antireflective coatings on solar cells involved huge vacuum furnaces operating at 1,800 degrees Fahrenheit. Barron's technology makes the process easier and cheaper by coating the cells' silicon wafers with a mild chemical bath at room temperature.
The high temperatures involved in making solar cells have required silicon panels thick enough to withstand the heat without warping. Eliminating the furnace means the silicon in solar cells can be as much as 60 percent thinner.
Natcore claims LPD will make the mass manufacture of tandem solar cells possible. Such cells have the potential to double the power output of today's most efficient panels, the best of which now convert only about 20 percent of sunlight captured into electricity. The company expects to apply the technology in semiconductor and fiber optic applications as well.
Barron said the new research funding will help his lab advance the technology even further, increasing its efficiency while making the manufacture of solar cells more environmentally friendly. He also sees potential for LPD to be used in the manufacture of other materials, from sophisticated contact lenses to windows that serve double duty as transparent solar panels.
The company itself won't make solar cells but rather equipment to add to manufacturers' production lines. President and CEO Charles Provini is convinced manufacturers will quickly see the light when Natcore's process allows them to shut down their furnaces and recycle chemicals, greatly reducing waste.
"We don't think we have any competition," said Provini, adding that a current glut in the supply of solar panels could present an opportunity for Barron's technology. "Since solar panels are becoming more of a commodity, manufacturers are concerned about their profit margins. Our process can reduce their overall costs and increase their margins."
Earlier this year, Natcore became the first Rice spinoff to go public when it was listed (as NXT.V) on the Canadian Stock Exchange. At publication time, shares were hovering at around 40 cents a share.